VAPING

TEENS AND VAPING

Teen e-cigarette use is so out of control that the FDA is calling it an ‘epidemic’ and a ‘public health crisis’

E-cigarettes are the most commonly used tobacco product among middle and high school students

Nearly half of all high school students (41%) have tried vaping

The average age an Idaho teen begins vaping is 13 years old

WHAT IS VAPING?

Vaping is defined as the act of inhaling water vapor through a personal vaporizer or electronic cigarette. When users draw on the device, the battery heats the liquid, which is then atomized into an inhalable vapor.

Vaping looks very similar to smoking, but instead of lighting a combustible cigarette, users have a device with a heating element that heats up liquid (called e-juice) and they breath in the vapor.

There is a large variation in devices. Some devices look like traditional cigarettes and are easy to identify while others look like pens or flash drives. One of the reasons vaping is so popular with teens is that it is a discrete and concealable way to smoke. Many adults don’t recognize vape devices when they see them.

Below are just a few vaping devices.

SUBSTANCES COMMONLY VAPED

E-JUICE

The most common e-juice in pre-packaged, disposable e-cigarettes is nicotine mixed with propylene glycol, vegetable glycerin, other solvents, and flavorings. Due to loose regulations even products that claim to be nicotine free often have nicotine in them. Though e-juice is composed of few ingredients, when heated to produce an aerosol (vapor), over 33 harmful chemicals are produced. These chemicals are inhaled directly into the lungs. 

MARIJUANA

Vaping marijuana is a popular trend right now as it is being touted as the ‘healthy way to smoke weed.’ Along with the negative health effects of vaping, marijuana has been shown to slow brain development, especially in youth, and impair immune response. Modern marijuana has been genetically altered to have high concentrations of THC, the substance responsible for the “high”. For more information about this dangerous trend, please visit our marijuana page. 

MARIJUANA

ALCOHOL

With vaporized alcohol, a person can inhale the equivalent of 10 shots in a few seconds. Because it is vaporized, it is impossible to know how much alcohol a person is actually consuming. Vaporized alcohol bypasses the body’s natural defense against poisoning, vomiting. If too much alcohol is inhaled, there is little that medical professionals can do since pumping the person’s stomach is useless. This is a very dangerous practice as alcohol poisoning can be fatal. 

JUUL: A DANGEROUS TREND

JUULs are vaping devices that look like a flash drive. They are discrete, convenient, trendy, and teens are 16 times more likely to use them than adults. E-juice for these devices come in pre-filled pods with each pod containing as much nicotine as an entire pack of cigarettes. JUUL claims that their products are only for adults, but that hasn’t stopped teens from getting them. Recently JUUL has come under scrutiny from the FDA for advertising to teens. It was announced that the FDA will be taking drastic steps to reduce teen use, but the best way to keep any vaping device out of the hands of teens is parent involvement.

To stay up to date on the latest news and trends, please see our facebook page @alereyouth

CHEMICALS IN E-CIGARETTE VAPOR

Nicotine: addictive substance that is found in traditional cigarettes. In 2014 the environment Protection Agency of United States banned use of nicotine as a pesticide due to the harmful effects on mammals.

Formaldehyde: commonly used as an industrial fungicide, germicide, disinfectant, and as a preservative in mortuaries and medical laboratories. Toxic when chronically inhaled.

Benzene: a known carcinogen and is a natural part of crude oil and gasoline.

Propylene Glycol: a man-made liquid substance found in antifreeze that irritates mucus membranes (eyes, nose, throat, etc.).

Acrolein: Used as a major ingredient in pesticides. Contact through the lung membrane can cause cancer.

Diacetyl: The chemical found in certain flavorings that is linked to popcorn lung.

Many others (for a more comprehensive list see http://www.gaspforair.org/gasp/gedc/pdf/E-CigSmoke.pdf ).

 

IS VAPING ADDICTIVE?

The addictive component of vaping is nicotine. The Surgeon General has warned that nicotine is as addictive as cocaine or heroin. Some brands of e-juice claim to be nicotine free, thus not addictive. The FDA studied the ten most popular nicotine free e-juice brands and found at least trace amounts of nicotine in almost all of them.

Why would companies sneak nicotine into their products?

Like the traditional cigarette industry, these companies are more concerned with profit than your health. Companies know that if they can get a teen hooked on their product, they will likely have a life time customer.

How do companies get away with mislabeling their products?

Until recently the FDA did not regulate e-cigarettes and products. Steps have been taken to remedy this problem, but it may be some time before we see any meaningful regulation. Until then, there is no guarantee that the product you are using is nicotine free.

 

 

These may be different times, but things haven’t changed. The e-cigarette industry has been taken over by Big Tobacco and they are still using the same tactics to trap another generation in addiction. Below are common advertising tactics tobacco companies are still using along side ads used on our grandparents 

TACTIC 1: RECOMMENDED BY PHYSICIANS

If your doctor is recommending a substance that is not recommended by the FDA and has no studies verifying its efficacy as a quitting aid, you need a new doctor. 

TACTIC 2: CLAIMS OF HEALTH AND SAFETY 

In the past Tobacco companies claimed that they were making their products safer, but time told another story.

Now:                                                                    Then:

TACTIC 3: CELEBRITY ADVERTISING 

These ads are using well-known celebrities like Tom Selleck (Magnum Pi) and Stephen Dorff (The Blade Series) to endorse their products. By using famous actors, each product is portrayed as a popular choice. 

 

TACTIC 4: CHILDHOOD ICONS

These ads are using a childhood icon, Santa Claus, to endorse their products. It may be several decades later but similar tactics are being used to promote a new source of nicotine. 

 

TACTIC 5: SEXUAL APPEAL

These commercials are both endorsed by famous actresses. They are centered around attracting and/or appealing men.

 

TACTIC 6: TEEN FRIENDLY FLAVORS

These products are being marketed directly to children and teens. With flavorings such as cotton candy, Mountain Dew, Jolly Rancher, cupcake, etc. it is no surprise that this is a popular trend among teens. More disturbingly is the rise in small children with nicotine poisoning because they drank the e juice thinking it was a product for children. When vaping became popular in the United States the number of calls to poison control for toddlers with nicotine poisoning sky rocketed.

TACTIC 7: THEMES OF REBELLION AND FREEDOM

These messages are targeted directly to teens who are particularly susceptible to rebellious messaging.

THE COST OF VAPING: IS IT REALLY FREEDOM?

Lets break this down:

The average person who vapes will spend between $50 and $100 per month on vaping supplies. That’s $600-$1200 per year.

Over the course of 10 years that amounts to $12,000.

Over the course of 30 years that amounts to $36,000.

This doesn’t even factor in the increased health care costs.

Developing an addiction that will interrupt your daily activities, cost you a significant amount of money, and ruin your health is not freedom.

FDA REGULATION: BETTER LATE THAN NEVER

In 2016, the FDA finalized a rule extending their regulatory authority to cover all tobacco products, including vaporizers, vape pens, hookah pens, electronic cigarettes (E-Cigarettes), e-pipes, and all other ENDS. The FDA now has the authority to regulates the manufacture, import, packaging, labeling, advertising, promotion, sale, and distribution of ENDS. This includes components and parts of ENDS* but excludes accessories.

For a full definition of ENDS components, parts, and accessories, please read the Deeming Tobacco Products To Be Subject to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

It may be some time before we see meaningful regulation of these products.

PARENT RESOURCES

GUIDELINES TO TALK TO YOUR KIDS ABOUT VAPING

Before the talk

Know the facts

Be patient and ready to listen

Set a positive example by quitting or not starting

Start the conversation

Find the right moment

Ask for support

Answer their questions (prepare answers to common questions)

Keep the conversation going (texting, snapchat, etc. can be useful methods)

Connect and encourage

Remind and repeat

Share facts and resources

More details, including common questions, at https://e-cigarettes.surgeongeneral.gov/documents/SGR_ECig_ParentTipSheet_508.pdf

SIGNS YOUR CHILD MIGHT BE VAPING*

The Scent

– If your child smells like fruit punch, mint, etc. with no evidence of candy wrappers or juice bottles

“Pens”

– Unfamiliar devices that look like pens, tire pressure gauges, etc.

Increased thirstiness

– Vaping can cause dryness in the mouth and nose

– Nose bleeds

Increased sensitivity to caffeine

– If your child suddenly stops consuming caffeine

*this is not a comphrehensive list

More details at http://thestir.cafemom.com/tweens_teens/181206/signs_kid_using_vaping_ecigarettes

 

Sources

In 2014, e-cigarettes were the most commonly used tobacco product among middle and high school students.

E-cigarette uses triples among middle and high school students in just one year.

https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2015/p0416-E-cigarette-use.html

E-cigarettes are being aggressively marketed to youth.

http://truthinitiative.org/sites/default/files/Vaporized_E-cigarettes_Advertising_and_Youth_May2014.pdf

Aerosols contain heavy metals and ultrafine particulates as well as many of the same chemicals that are in traditional cigarettes.

https://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2017/study-toxic-metals-found-in-e-cigarette-liquids.html

Benzene is a known known carcinogen.

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-causes/benzene.html

Formaldehyde is harmful when chronically inhaled.

http://pubs.acs.org.byui.idm.oclc.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.est.7b00710

Formaldehyde and Cancer Risk

https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/substances/formaldehyde/formaldehyde-fact-sheet

Propylene glycol irritates the mucus membranes.

https://www.honeycolony.com/article/propylene-glycol/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3995250/

In Idaho, vaping among teenagers is twice the national average.

https://www.drugabuse.gov/related-topics/trends-statistics/infographics/teens-e-cigarette

https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/pdf/2015/2015_US_Tobacco.pdf

Teens who vape are 3-4 times more likely to smoke in one year.

https://www.drugabuse.gov/related-topics/trends-statistics/infographics/teens-e-cigarettes

Water vapor acts as an immunosuppressant.

Vapers are more susceptible to respiratory illnesses.

http://truthinitiative.org/sites/default/files/Vaporized_E-cigarettes_Advertising_and_Youth_May2014.pdf

Celebrity Advertising

http://truthinitiative.org/sites/default/files/Vaporized_E-cigarettes_Advertising_and_Youth_May2014.pdf

Acrolein is used as a major ingredient in pesticides.

http://www.cdpr.ca.gov/docs/emon/pubs/fatememo/acrolein.pdf

Nicotine was used as a pesticide until the Environment Protection Agency of United States banned it because of its harmful effects on mammals.

https://www3.epa.gov/pesticides/chem_search/reg_actions/reregistration/frn_PC-056702_3-Jun-09.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4363846/

The US Surgeon General has concluded that nicotine is as addictive as cocaine or heroin.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4363846/

Nicotine is a poison to the body that causes cell death, affects brain development, and damages major organs.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4363846/

There are second-hand-emissions that contain all of the chemicals found in E-Juice vapor.

Some manufacturers claim that their products are nicotine free. However, tests by the FDA show that some products that claim they are “nicotine free” still have small amounts of nicotine.

https://doi.org/10.1080/10826076.2011.572213

https://www.federalregister.gov/d/2016-10685/p-687

Wall Street predicts revenue from e-cigarettes will surpass traditional cigarettes by 2025.

http://wallstreetinsanity.com/electronic-cigarette-sales-surpass-1-billion/

E cigarettes are not an FDA approved quitting aid.

https://www.aarpmedicareplans.com/aarpoptum/e-cigarettes-not-approved-as-a-quit-aid

Vaping is linked to popcorn lung.

http://www.lung.org/about-us/blog/2016/07/popcorn-lung-risk-ecigs.html

https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/15-10185/

Vaping may lead to heart disease.

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamacardiology/article-abstract/2600166https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/320778.php

Full article http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2018/01/25/1718185115

Vape pens may explode.

https://www.wired.com/2016/02/exploding-e-cigs-and-vape-pens/

Marijuana has been shown to slow brain development, especially in youth, as well as lead to loss of IQ and impaired immune response.

https://news.northwestern.edu/stories/2013/12/marijuana-users-have-abnormal-brain-structure–poor-memory

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2697065/

Marijuana is being altered to produce higher levels of THC, which is the compound responsible for producing the euphoric high.

https://www.pbs.org/newshour/nation/pot-getting-potent

Vaping Alcohol- Single inhalation can be equal to 10 Shots through the lungs.

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/inhaling-alcohol-vapor-puts-you-at-risk-of-overdose/

Vaping alcohol bypasses your body’s natural defense against poisoning.

http://themedicinejournal.com/articles/the-truth-behind-vaporizing-and-inhaling-alcohol/

Big tobacco is using the same marketing tactics they used to fool older generations into smoking cigarettes.

https://www.sciencenewsforstudents.org/article/high-school-vapers-often-become-heavy-smokers

https://www.theverge.com/2017/11/16/16658358/vape-lobby-vaping-health-risks-nicotine-big-tobacco-marketing

Claims of Health and Safety

https://www.truthinadvertising.org/smoking-out-e-cigarette-ad-claims/

Themes of freedom and rebellion, celebrity advertising, and marketing to children.

http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/early/2016/11/20/tobaccocontrol-2016-053196

Students who frequently ran into ads on the internet were about three times as likely to vape as were teens who reported never seeing such online ads.

https://www.sciencenewsforstudents.org/article/high-school-vapers-often-become-heavy-smokers

Electronic Cigarettes

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/nioshtic-2/20045187.html

Mercury

https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/substances/toxsubstance.asp?toxid=24